Respiratory Therapy Services: Oxygen Therapy
Oxygen Therapy
 
A.        Nasal Cannula (Adult, Pediatric, and Infant)
B.        Simple Oxygen Mask
C.        Non-rebreathing Mask
D.        Venti-mask
E.         Croup Tent
F.         Continuous Aerosol Mist Mask
 
Oxygen therapy is a treatment that provides you with extra oxygen, a gas that your body needs to work well. Normally, your lungs absorb oxygen from the air. However, some diseases and conditions can prevent you from getting enough oxygen.
 
Croup Tent or Mist Tent
Oxygen therapy may help you function better and be more active. Oxygen is supplied in a metal cylinder or other container. It flows through a tube and is delivered to your lungs in one of the following ways: An oxygen tent is a bendable piece of clear plastic held over your child’s bed or crib by a frame. The plastic is then tucked under the mattress. It may also be called a croup, mist, or Ohio tent. Oxygen or regular air is blown into the tent. Oxygen is a colorless gas you cannot smell that is a very important part of the air we breathe. If oxygen is blown into the tent, the air around your child is much higher in oxygen than normal. The tent also lets your child move around on his bed without having to wear an oxygen mask. .Caregivers may decide that your child needs humidified air or oxygen. Humidified means that moisture has been added to the oxygen or regular air being blown into the tent. This humidity helps prevent the loss of water from your child’s body as he breathes. Humidity can also make your child’s phlegm (lung mucous and saliva or spit) thinner.
 
Volume Expansion Therapy
            A.        Intermittent Positive Pressure Breathing Treatment (IPPB)
            B.        Incentive Spirometry Treatments
The incentive spirometer is a device that allows patients to perform sustained maximal inspiration (SMI) without added resistance while presenting a visual quantitation of the inspiratory effort. The visual dimension of the therapy adds an incentive or goal for the patient to try to meet by repeating the maximal effort frequently. Incentive spirometry is designed to mimic natural sighing by encouraging patients to take slow, deep breaths. Incentive spirometry is performed using devices which provide visual cues to the patients that the desired flow or volume has been achieved.
 
Aerosol Therapy
                 A.        Small Volume Nebulizer Treatments
                 B.        Mini Heart Nebulizer Treatments
Nebulizer is a device used to administer medication in the form of a mist inhaled into the lungs. A Jet nebulizer attached to a compressor. Nebulizers are commonly used for the treatment of cystic fibrosis, asthma, COPD and other respiratory diseases. .Nebulizers use oxygen, compressed air or ultrasonic power to break up medical solutions and suspensions into small aerosol droplets that can be directly inhaled from the mouthpiece of the device. The definition of an aerosol is a “mixture of gas and liquid particles,” and the best example of a naturally occurring aerosol is mist, formed when small vaporized water particles mixed with hot ambient air are cooled down and condense into a fine cloud of visible airborne water droplets. When using a nebulizer for inhalation therapy with medication to be administered directly to the lungs, it is important to note that inhaled aerosol droplets can only penetrate into the narrow branches of the lower airways if they have a small diameter of 1—5 micrometers. Otherwise they are only absorbed by the mouth cavity, where the effect is low.*
 
Bronchial Hygiene Therapy Chest Physiotherapy
            1.         Percussor
            2.         Smart Vest Wraps
            3.         Manual
Bronchial hygiene therapy is useful and effective in the presence of careful patient evaluation, clear definition of therapeutic goals, and application of appropriate modalities. This article defines the variable bronchial hygiene modalities and discusses their indications, contraindications, and applications. Prophylactic and therapeutic bronchial hygiene modalities, diagnostic methods associated with bronchial hygiene therapy, inhaled antibiotic therapy, and therapist driven protocols are also addressed.
 
Sputum Induction
            A.        RSV Sampling
            B.         Routine Laboratory Specimens
            C.        Delee Suctioning of Endotracheal, Tracheal and Bronchial suctioning
Respiratory syncytial virus infection, usually called RSV, is a lot like a bad cold. It causes the same symptoms. And like a cold, it is very common and very contagious. Most children have had it at least once by age 2. RSV is usually not something to worry about. But it can lead to pneumonia or other problems in some people, especially babies. So it’s important to watch the symptoms and call your doctor if they get worse.
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